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Bibliography

Peer-reviewed Publications

Akins, C., C.D. Ruder,  S.J. Price, L.A. Harden, J.W. Gibbons, and M.E. Dorcas. 2014. Factors affecting temperature variation and habitat use in free-ranging diamondback terrapins. Journal of Thermal Biology 44:63-69.

Allen, J. F. and R. A. Littleford. 1955. Observations on feeding habits and growth of immature diamondback terrapins. Herpetologica 11:77-80.

Allman, P. E., A. R. Place, and W. M. Roosenburg. 2012. Geographic Variation in Egg Size and Lipid Provisioning in the Diamondback Terrapin Malaclemys terrapin. Physiological Zoology 85:442-449.

Avissar, N. G. 2006. Changes in population structure of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin terrapin) in a previously studied creek in southern New Jersey. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 5:154-159.

Baker, J. P.,J. P. Costanzo, R. Herlands, R. C. Woods, and R. E. Lee, Jr. 2006. Inoculative freezing promotes winter survival in the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin. Can. J. Zool. 84:116-124

Baldwin, J. D. , L. A. Latino, B. K. Mealey, G. M. Parks, and M. R. J. Forstner. 2005.  The diamondback terrapin in Florida Bay and
the Florida Keys: insights into turtle conservation and ecology. pp. 180-186.  In: W. E. Meshaka, Jr., and K. J. Babbitt, eds. Amphibians and Reptiles: status and conservation in Florida.  Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida.

Barney, R. L. 1922. Further notes on the natural history and artificial propagation of the diamondback terrapin. Bulletin United States Fishery Bureau 38:91-111.

Belfry, C. S. and F. B. M. Cowan. 1995. Peptidergic and adrenergic innervation of the lachrymal gland in the euryhaline turtle, Malaclemys terrapin. Journal of Experimental Zoology 273:363-375.

Bels, V. L., J. Davenport and S. Renous. 1995. Drinking and water expulsion in the diamondback turtle Malaclemys terrapin. J. Zool. Lond.  236:483-497.

Bels, V. L., J. Davenport and S. Renous. 1998. Food ingestion in the Estuarine turtle diamondback turtle Malaclemys terrapin: comparison with the marine leatherback turtle Dermochelys coriacea. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 78:953-972.

Bentley. P. J., W. L. Bretz, K. Schmidt-Neilson. 1967. Osmoregulation in the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin centrata. Journal of Experimental Biology 46:161-167.

Bishop, J. M. 1983. Incidental capture of diamondback terrapin by crab pots. Estuaries 6:426-430.

Bolognani, L., G. Gerzeli, P. De Piceis Polver, and P. Magnani. 1981. The sulfatides and some histological correlations of the lachyramal glands involved in salt secretion in Chelonia. Journal of Experimental Zoology. 195:179-190.

Brooks, W. K. 1893. Fish and Fisheries: the diamond-back terrapin. Maryland: its resources, industries and institutions. John Hopkins University. pp 261-263.

Brown, P. R. 1971. The story of California diamondbacks. Herpetology 5(2):37-38.

Burger, J. 1976a. Temperature relationships in nests of the northern diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin terrapin.  Herpetologica 32:412-418.

Burger, J. 1976b. Behavior of hatchling diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) 9n the field. Copeia 1976:742-748.

Burger, J. 1977. Determinants of hatching success in the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin. American Midland Naturalist 97:444-464.

Burger, J. 2002. Metals in tissues of diamondback terrapin from New Jersey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 77:255-263.

Burger, J. and S. D. Garber. 1995. Risk assessment, life history strategies and turtles, could declines be prevented or predicted. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 46:483-500.

Burger, J. and W. A. Montevecchi. 1975. Nest site selection in the terrapin Malaclemys terrapin. Copeia 1975:113-119.

Burke, R. L. and L. Francoeur. 2014. Cleared for Takeoff. The Tortoise 1(3):110-115.

Burke, R. L.,  C. M. Schneider, and M. T. Dolinger. 2005 Cues used by raccoons to find turtle nests: effects of flags, human scent, and diamondback terrapin sign. Journal of Herpetology 29:312-315.

Burke, R. L. and A. M. Calichio. 2014. temperature dependent sex-determination in the Diamond-backed Terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin. Journal of Herpetology 48:466-470.

Burke, R. L., S. M. Felice and S. G. Sobel. 2009. Changes in raccoon (Procyon lotor) predation behavior affects turtle (Malaclemys terrapin) nest census. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 8:208-211.

Butler, J. A. 2002. Population ecology, home range, and seasonal movements of the Carolina diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin centrata in northeastern Florida. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Tallahassee, FL. pp.72

Butler, J. A., C. Broadhurst, M. Green and Z. Mullin. 2004. Nesting, nest predation and hatchling emergence of the Carolina diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin centrata, in Northeastern Florida. American Midland Naturalist. 152:145-155.

Butler, J.A. and G.L. Heinrich.  2007.  The effectiveness of bycatch reduction devices on crab pots at reducing capture and mortality of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) in Florida.  Estuaries and Coasts 30:179-185.

Butler, J.A. and G.L. Heinrich. 2013. Distribution of the Ornate Diamondback Terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin macrospilota) in the Big Bend Region of Florida. Southeastern Naturalist 12:552–567.

Butler, J. A., G.L. Heinrich, and R.A. Seigel. 2006.  Third workshop on the ecology, status and conservation of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin): Results and recommendations.  Chelonian Conservation and Biology 5:331-334.

Butler, J. A., G. L. Heinrich, and M. L. Mitchell. 2012. Diet of the Carolina Diamondback Terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin centrata) in Northeastern Florida. Chelonian Conservationa nd Biology 11:124-128.

Butler, J. A., R. A. Seigel, and B. K. Mealey. 2006. Malaclemys terrapin - Diamondback terrapin.  In (ed) P. Meylan, Biology and Conservation of Florida Turtles, Chelonian Research Monographs 3:279-295.

Burns, T. A. and K. L. Williams. 1972. Notes on the reproductive habits of Malaclemys terrapin pileata. Journal of Herpetology 6:237-238.

Byers, J. E., I. Altman, A. M. Grosse, T. C. Huspeni, and J. C. Maerz. 2011. Using parasite trematode larvae to quantify an elusive vertebrate host. Conservation Biology 25:85-93.

Cagle, F. R. 1952. A Louisiana terrapin population (Malaclemys). Copeia 1952:75-76.

Carr, A. F. Jr. 1946.  Status of the Mangrove terrapin. Copeia 1946:170-172.

Cecala, K. K., J. W. Gibbons, and M. E. Dorcas. 2008. Ecological effects of major injuries in diamondback terrapins: implications for conservation and management. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems DOI: 10.1002/aqc.

Chan, Y. L., C. E. Hill, J. E. Maldonado, and R. C. Fleischer. 2006. Evolution and conservation of tidal-marsh vertebrates: molecular approaches. In:(eds. ) Greenberg, R., J. E. Maldonado, S. Droege, and M. V. McDonald. Terrestrial Vertebrates of Tidal Marshes: Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation. 32:54-75.

Clark, W. S. 1982. Turtles as a food source of nesting bald eagles in the Chesapeake Bay region. Journal of Field Ornithology 53:49-51.

Clarkson, E. L. and G. Guillen. 2015 Natural History Notes: Malaclemys terrapin littoralis (Texas Diamond-backed Terrapin): Social or Group Burrowing. Herpetological Review 46:83.

Coker, R. E. 1906. The natural history and cultivation of the diamond-back terrapin with notes of other forms of turtles. North Carolina Geological Survey Bulletin. 14:1-67.

Coker, R. E. 1920. The diamond-back terrapin: past, present, and future. Scientific Monthly 11:171-186.

Coker, R. E.  1931. The diamondback terrapin in North Carolina. In (ed) H. F. Taylor, Survey of Marine Fisheries of North Carolina. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC pp. 219-230.

Coleman, A. T., T. Roberge, T. Wibbels, K. Marion, D. Nelson, and J. Dindo. 2014. Size-based mortality of adult female Diamond-backed Terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) in Blue Crab Traps in a Gulf of Mexico population . Chelonian Conservation and Biology 13:140-145.

Coleman, A. T., T. Wibbels, K. Marion, D. Nelson, and J. Dindo. 2011 Effect of by-catch reduction devices (BRDS) on the capture of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) in crab pots in an Alabama salt marsh. Journal of the Alabama Academy of Sciences 82:145-157.

Coleman, A. T., T. Wibbels, K. Marion, T. Roberge, D. Nelson, and J. Dindo. 2014 Dispersal behavior of diamond-backed terrapin post-hatchlings. Southeastern Naturalist 13:572-586.

Costanzo, J. P., P. J. Baker, and R. E. Lee, Jr. 2006. Physiological responses to freezing in hatchlings of freeze tolerant and -intolerant turtles. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 176:697-707.

Cowan F. B. M. 1969. Gross and microscopic anatomy of the orbital glands of Malaclemys and other emydine turtles. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 47:723-729.

Cowan, F. B. M. 1971. The ultrastructure of the lachrymal "salt" gland and the Harderain gland in the euryhaline Malaclemys and some closely related stenohaline emydines. Canadian Journal of Zoology 49:691-697.

Cowan, F. B. M. 1974. Observations of extrarenal excretion by the orbital glands and osmoregulation in Malaclemys terrapin. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 48A:489-500.

Cowan, F. B. M. 1974. Observations of K+-stimulated p-nitrophenylphophatase in the lacrymal gland of Malaclemys terrapin, during adaptation to salt and fresh water. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 49A:775-785.

Cowan, F. B. M. 1981. Effects of salt loading in salt gland function in the euryhaline turtle, Malaclemys terrapin. Journal of Comparative Physiology 145:101-108.

Cowan, F. B. M. 1986. A stereological analysis of the effect of buffer osmolarity on salt secreting epitheliun, under variable physiological conditions. Journal of Microscopy 142:87-94.

Cowan, F. B. M. 1990. Does the lachrymal salt gland of Malaclemys terrapin have a significant role in osmoregulation? Canadian Journal of Zoology 68:1520-1524.

Crawford, B. A., J. C. Maerz, N. P. Nibblelink, K. A. Buhlmann, and T. M. Norton. 2014. Estimating the consequences of multiple threats and management strategies for semi-aquatic turtles. Journal of Applied Ecology doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12194

Crawford, B. A., J. C. Maerz, N. P. Nibblelink, K. A. Buhlmann, T. M. Norton and S. E. Albeke. 2014. Hot spots and hot moments of diamondback terrapin road-crossing activity. Journal of Applied Ecology doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12195

Cuevas, K. J., M. J. Buchanan, W. S. Perry, J. T. Warren. 2000. Preliminary study of Blue Crab catch in traps fitted with and without a Diamondback Terrapin excluder device. Proceedings of the Annual Southeast Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 54:221-226.

Cunningham, B. 1939. Effect of temperature upon the development rate of the embryo of the diamond back terrapin (Malaclemys centrata Lat). American Naturalist 73:381-384.

Cunningham, B. and A. P. Hurwitz. 1936. Water absorption by reptile eggs during incubation. American Natuarlist 70:590-595.

Cunningham, B., M. W. Woodward, and J. Pridgen. 1939. Further studies of turtle (Malaclemys centrata Lat) eggs. American Naturalist 73:285-288.

Davenport, J., A. F. Glasspool, and L. Kitson. 2005. Occurrence of diamondback terrapins, Malaclemys terrapin, on Bermuda: Native or introduced. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 4:956-959.

Davenport, J. and E. A. Macedo. 1990. Behavioral osmotic control in the euryhaline diamondback terrapin Malaclemys terrapin: responses to low salinity and rainfall. Journal of Zoology 220:487-496.

Davenport, J. and S. H. Magill. 1996. Osmotic control? some preliminary observations on the function of emersion in the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin (Latreille). Herpetological Journal 6:26-29.

Davenport, J., M. Spikes, S. M. Thornton, and B. O. Kelly. 1992. Crab-eating in the diamondback terrapin Malaclemys terrapin: dealing with dangerous prey. Journal of the Marine Biology Association 72:835-848.

Davenport, J. and J. F. Ward. 1993. The effects of salinity and temperature on appetite in the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin (Latreille). Herpetological Journal 3:95-98.

Davis, C. C. 1942. A study of the crab pot as a fishing gear. Publication No. 53 Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Solomons, Maryland.

Dinkelacker, S. A., J. P. Costanza, and R. E. Lee. 2005. Anoxia tolerance and freeze tolerance in hatchling turtles. Journal of Comparative Physiolology B 175:209-217.

Draud, M., M. Bossert, and S. Zimnavoda. 2004. Predation on hatchling and juvenile diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) by the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus). Journal of Herpetology 38:467-470.

Dobie, J. L. and D. R. Jackson. 1979. First fossil record for the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin (Emydidae), and comments on the fossil record of Chrysemys nelsoni (Emydidae). Herpetologica 35:139-145.

Dorcas, M. E., J. D. Wilson, J. W. Gibbons. 2007. Crab trapping causes population decline and demographic changes in diamondback terrapin over two decades.  Biological Conservation 137:334-340.

Duncan, N. 2013. Using a handheld PIT scanner and antenna system to successfully locate terrestrially overwintering hatchling turtles. Herpetological Review 44:233-235.

Dunson, W. A. 1970. Some aspects of electrolyte and water balance in three estuarine reptiles, the diamondback terrapin, American and "salt water" crocodiles. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 32:161-174.

Dunson, W. A. and F. J. Mazzotti. 1989. Salinity as a limiting factor in the distribution of reptiles in Florida Bay: a theory for the estuarine origin of marine snakes and turtles. Bulletin of Marine Science 44:229-244.

Dunson, W. A. 1985. Effect of water salinity and food salt content on growth and sodium efflux of hatchling diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys). Physiological Zoology 58:736-747.

Ehret, D. J. and B. K. Atkinson. 2012. The fossil record of diamond-backed terrapins, Malaclemys terrapin (Testudines: Emydidae) Journal of Herpetology 46:351-355.

Ehret, D. J. and R. E. Werner. 2004. Malaclemys terrapin terrapin (Northern diamondback terrapin) diet. Herpetological Review 35:265.

Feinberg, J. A. 2004. Nest predation and ecology of terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin, at the Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge. Pages 5-12 in C. Swarth, W. M. Roosenburg and E. Kiviat, editors. Conservation and Ecology of Turtles of the Mid-Atlantic Region: A Symposium. Biblomania Salt Lake City, Utah. USA.

Feinberg, J. A. and R. L. Burke. 2003. Nesting ecology and predation of diamondback terrapins, Malaclemys terrapin, at Gateway National Recreation Area, New York. Journal of Herpetology 37:517-526.

Finneran, L. C. 1948. Diamond-back terrapin in Connecticut. Copeia 1948:138.

Gerzeli, G. , S. Meloni, and P. de Piceis Polver. 1971. Le ghiandole lacrimali di Malaclemys terrapin e l'escrezione del sodio: ricerche con isotopi radioattive. Bullitino Di Zoologia 38:527-528.

Gibbons, J. W., J. E. Lovich, A. D. Tucker, N. N. Fitzsimmons and J. L. Greene. 2001. Demographic and ecological factors affecting conservation and management of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) in South Carolina. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 4:66-74.

Gilles-Baillien, M. 1970. Urea and osmoregulation in the diamondback terrapin Malaclemys centrata centrata (Latreille). Journal of Experimental Biology 52:691-697.

Gilles-Baillien, M. 1973. Seasonal variations and osmoregulation in the red blood cells of the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys centrata centrata (Latreille). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. 46A:505-512.

Gilles-Baillien, M. 1973. Isosmotic regulation in various tissues of the diamondback terrapin Malaclemys centrata centrata (Latreille). Journal of Experimental Biology 59:39-43.

Gilles-Baillien, M. 1973. Hibernation and osmoregulation in the diamondback terrapin Malaclemys centrata centrata (Latreille). Journal of Experimental Biology 59:45-51.

Grosse, A. M., J. D. van Dijk, K. L. Holcomb, and J. C. Maerz. 2009. Diamondback Terrapin mortality in crab pots in a Georgia tidal marsh. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 8:98-100.

Grosse, A. M., J. C. Maerz, J. A. Hepinstall-Cymerman, and M. E. Dorcas. 2011. Effects of roads and crabbing pressures on diamondback terrapin populations in coastal Georgia. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:762-770.

Guillory, V. and P Prejean. 1998. Effect of a terrapin excluder device on blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, trap catches. Marine Fisheries 60:38-40.

Gunter, G. 1981. Status of turtles on the Mississippi Coast. Gulf Research Reports 7:89-92.

Haramis, G. M., P. F. Henry, and D. D. Day. 2011. Using Scrape Fishing to Document Terrapins in Hibernacula in Chesapeake Bay. Herpetological Review 42:170-177.

Harden, L. A. N. A. Diluzio, J. W. Gibbons, and M. E. Dorcas. 2007. Spatial and thermal ecology of the diamondback terrapin (Malacelmys terrapin) in a South Carolina salt marsh. Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Sciences. 123:154-162.

Harden, L. A., K. A. Duernberger, T. T. Jones, and A. S. Williard. 2014. Total body water and water turnover rates in the estuarine diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) during the transition from dormancy to activity. The Journal of Experimental Biology doi:10.1242/jeb.110411

Harden, L. A., S. E. Pittman, J. W. Gibbons., and M. E. Dorcas. 2009. Development of a rapid-assessment technique for the diamondback terrapin(Malaclemys terrapin) populations using head-count surveys.  6:237-245.

Harden, L.A. and A. Southwood Williard. 2012. Using spatial and behavioral data to evaluate the seasonal bycatch risk of diamondback terrap(Malaclemys terrapin) in crab pots. Marine Ecology Progress Series 467, 207-217.

Hart, K. M. and L. B. Crowder. 2011. Mitigating by-catch of Diamondback Terrapins in crab pots. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:264-272.

Hart, K. M., M. E. Hunter, and T. L. King. 2014. Regional differentiation among populations of diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin). Conservation Genetics DOI 10.1007/s10592-014-0563-6.

Hart, K. M., and D. S. Lee. 2006. The Diamondback terrapin: the biology, ecology, cultural history, and conservation status of an obligate estuarine turtle. Studies in Avian Biology 32:206-213.

Hart, K. M., C. C. McIvor. 2008. Demography and Ecology of Mangrove Diamondback Terrapins in a Wilderness Area of Everglades National Park, Florida, USA. Copeia 2008:200-208.

Harwood, V. J., J. A. Butler, D. Parrish, and V. Wagner. 1999. Isolation of fecal coliform bacteria from the Diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin centrata). Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65:865-867.

Hauswaldt, J. S. and T. C. Glen. 2003. Microsatellite DNA loci from the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin). Molecular Ecology News 3:174-176.

Hauswaldt, J. S. and T. C. Glen. 2005. Population genetics of the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin). Molecular Ecology 14:723-732.

Hay, O. P. 1892. Some observations of the genus Malaclemys. Proceedings of he National Museum 15:379-383.

Hay, W. P. 1904. A revision of Malaclemmys, a genus of turtles. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries 5:1-21.

Hay, W. P. 1917. Artificial propagation of the diamond-back terrapin. Bulletin of the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries 24:1-20.

Herlands, R., R. Wood, J. Pritchard, H. Clapp, and N. Le Furge. 2004. Diamondback terrapin, (Malaclemys terrapin) head-starting project in southern New Jersey. Pages 13-18 in C. Swarth, W. M. Roosenburg and E. Kiviat, editors. Conservation and Ecology of Turtles of the Mid-Atlantic Region: A Symposium. Biblomania Salt Lake City, Utah. USA.

Hildebrand, S. F. 1928. Review of the experiments on artificial culture of the diamond-back terrapin. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries 45:25-70.

Hildebrand, S. F. 1932. Growth of diamond-back terrapins size attained, sex ratio and longevity. Zoologica. 9:231-238.

Hildebrand, S. F. 1933. Hybridizing diamond-back terrapins. Journal of Heredity 113:231-238.

Hildebrand, S. F. and C. Hatsel. 1926. Diamondback terrapin culture at Beaufort North Carolina. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Fisheries Economic Circular No. 60.

Holliday, D. K, A. A. Elskus, and W. M. Roosenburg. 2009. Impacts of multiple stressors on growth and metabolic rate of Malaclemys terrapin. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 28:338-345.

Holliday, D. K. and C. M. Holliday. 2011. The effects of the organopollutant PCB 126 on bone density in juvenile diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin). Aquatic Toxicology 109:228-233.

Holliday, D. K, Roosenburg, W. M., Elskus, A. A. 2008. Spatial Variation in Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Concentrations in Eggs of Diamondback Terrapins, Malaclemys terrapin, from the Patuxent River, Maryland. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 80:119-122.

Hoyle, M. E. and J. W. Gibbons. 2000. Use of a marked population of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) to determine impacts of recreational crab pots. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 3:735-737.

Hurd, L. E., G. W. Smedes, and T. A. Dean. 1979. An ecological study of a natural population of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys t. terrapin) in a Delaware salt marsh. Estuaries 2:28-33.

Tamplin, J. W., V. F. Moran, and E. J. Riesberg. 2013. Response of juvenile diamond-backed terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) to an aquatic thermal gradient. Journal of Thermal Biology 38:434–43.

Isdell, R. E., R. M. Chambers, D. M. Bilkovic, and M Leu. 2015. Effects of terrestrial-aquatic connectivity on an estuarien turtle. Diversity and Distributions 21:643-653.

Jeyasuria, P and A. R. Place. 1997. Temperature dependent aromatase expression in developing diamondback terrapin ( Malaclemys terrapin) embryos. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 61:415-425.

Jeyasuria, P, W. M. Roosenburg, and A. R. Place. 1994. Role of P450 aromatase in sex determination of the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin. Journal of Experimental Zoology 270:95-111.

Kern, M. M., J. C. Guzy, J. E. Lovich, J. W. Gibbons, and M. E. Dorcas. 2015. Relationship of maternal body size and morphology with egg and clutch sixze in the diamondback terrapin , Malaclemys terrapin (Testudines: Emydidae). Biological journal of the Linnean Society (citation incomplete). 

King, P. E. and J. P. Ludlam. 2014 Status of Diamondback Terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) in North Inlet -Winyah Bay, South Carolina. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 13:119-124.

Kinneary, J. J. 2008. Observation on terrestrial behavior and growth in diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys) and snapping turtle (Chelydra) hatchlings. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7:118-119.

Lamb, T and J. C. Avise. 1992. Molecular and population genetic aspects of mitochondrial DNA variability in the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin.  The Journal of Heredity 83:262-269.

Lawler, A. R. and J. A. Musick. 1972. sand beach hibernation by a northern diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin terrapin (Schoepff). Copeia 1972:389-390.

Latham, R. 1971. The northern diamondback terrapin on eastern Long Island. Engelhardtia 4:30-31.

Lazell, J. D. Jr., and P. J. Auger 1981. Predation on diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) eggs by dunegrass (Ammophila breviligulata). Copeia 1981:723-724.

Lester , L. A., H. W. Avery, A. S. Harrison, and E. A. Standora. 2013. Recreational boats and turtles: behavioral mismatches results in high injury rates. PLoS ONE 8(12): e82370. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082370

Lovich, J. E. and J. W. Gibbons. 1990. Age at maturity influences adult sex ration in the turtle Malaclemys terrapin. Oikos 59:126-134.

Lovich, J. E., A. D. Tucker, D. E. Kling, J. W. Gibbons, and T. D. Zimmerman. 1991. Hatchling behavior of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) released in a South Carolina salt marsh. Herp. Rev. 22:81-83.

McCafferty, S. S., A. Shorette, J. Simundza, and B. Brennessel. 2013. Paucity of genetic variation at an MHC Class I gene in Massachusetts populations of the diamond-backed terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin): a cause for concern. Journal of Herpetology 47:222-226.

Mitro, M. G. 2003. Demography and viability analysis of a diamondback terrapin population. Canadian Journal of  Zoology 81:716-726.

Montevecchi, W. A. and J. Burger. 1975. Aspects of the reproductive biology of the Northern Diamondback Terrapin. Malaclemys terrapin terrapin. American Midland Naturalist 94:166-178.

Morris, S. A., S. M. Wilson, E. F. Dever, and R. M. Chambers. 2011. A test of bycatch reduction devices on commercial crab pots in a tidal marsh in Virginia. Estauries and Coasts 34:386-390.

Muldoon, K. A. and R. A. Burke. 2012. Movements, overwintering, and mortality of hatchling Diamond-backed Terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) at Jamaica Bay, New York. Canadian Journal of Zoology 90:651-662.

Munscher, E. C., E. H. Kuhns, C. C. Cox,and J. A. Butler. 2012. Decreased nest mortality for the Carolina Diamondback Terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin centrata) following the removal of raccoons (Procyon lotor) from a nesting beach in northeastern Florida.  Herpetological conservation and Biology 7:167-184.

Ner, S. E. and R. L. Burke. 2008. direct and indirect effects of urbanization on Diamond-backed Terrapins of the Hudson River Bight: distribution and predation in a human-modified environment. In (J. C. Mitchell and R. R. J. Brown (eds.) Urban Herpetology Herpetological Conservation 3:11-19.

Outerbridge, M. E., and J. Davenport.  2013. Natural History Notes: Malaclemys terrapin (Diamond-backed Terrapin): Dredging Feeding Behavior. Herpetological Review. 44:307-308.

Parham, J. F., M. E. Outerbridge, B. L. Stuart, D. B. Wingate, H. Erlenkeuser, and T. J. Pappenfus. 2008. Introduced delicacy or native species? A natural origin of Bermudian terrapins supported by fossil and genetic data. Biology Letters 4:216-219.

Pfau, B. and W. M. Roosenburg. 2010. Diamondback terrapins in Maryland: research and conservation. Radiata 19:2-34.

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Theses and Dissertations

Allman, P. A. 2006. Consequences of egg size on hatchling energetics in the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin. Dissertation Ohio University, Athens Ohio. USA

Bauer, B. A. 2004. Nesting Ecology of the northern diamondback terrapin (Order Testudines; Malaclemys terrapin terrapin). Thesis. C.W. Post long Island University, New York USA

Bennett, C., S. Shaudhry, M. Clemens, L. Gilmer, S. Lee, T. Parker, E. Peterson, J. Rajkowski, K. Shih, S. Subramaniam, R. Wells, and J. White. 2009. Excluding mammalian predators from diamondback terrapin nesting beaches with electric fences.  Gemstone Scholars Undergradaute Thesis, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland USA.

Clarkson, E. L. 2012. Short term temporal trends in activity and habitat selection of the Texas Diamondback Terrapin. Thesis The University of Houston - Clear Lake. Houston Texas USA.

Coleman, A. T. 2011. Biology and conservation of the diamondback terrapin Malaclemys terrapin pileata in Alabama. Dissertation. University of Alabama at Birmingham. Birmingham Alabama. USA

Dominy, A. E. 2015. Modeling underwater visual ability and varied color expression in the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) in relation to potential mate preference. Dissertation. Drexel University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania USA

Duncan, N. 2014. Dispersal of Newly emerged Diamond-backed Terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) hatchlings in Jamaica Bay, NY. Thesis. Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York. USA.

Erazmus, K. R. 2012. Diet and prey choice of female diamond-backed terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) in Jamaica Bay, New York. Thesis. Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York. USA.

Estep, R. L. 2005. Seasonal movements and habitat pattern use of a diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) population. Thesis. College of Charleston. Charleston, South Carolina USA.

Feinberg, J. A. 2000. Nesting ecology of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) at Gateway National Recreation Area. Thesis. Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York. USA.

Ford, D. K. 2005. Sublethal effects of stressors in physiological and morphological parameters in the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin. Dissertation Ohio University, Athens Ohio. USA

Giambanco, M. 2002. Comparison of viability rates, hatchling survivorship, and sex ratio of laboratory -and field- incubated nests of the estuarine, emydid turtle Malaclemys terrapin. Thesis. Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York. USA.

Goodwin, C. C. 1994. Aspects of nesting ecology of the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) in Rhode Island. Thesis. University of Rhode Island. Kingston, Rhode Island. USA

Graham, L. J. 2009. Diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin, nesting and over-wintering ecology. Thesis. Ohio University, Athens Ohio. USA.

Hackney, A. D. 2010. Conservation biology of the Diamondback Terrapin in North America: policy status, nest predation, and managing island populations. Thesis Clemson University. Columbia, South Carolina USA.

Hart, K. M. 1999. Declines in diamondbacks: terrapin population modeling and implications for management. Thesis.  Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. USA.

Hart, K. M. 2005. Population biology of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin): defining and reducing threats across their range. Dissertation. Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. USA.

Hauswaldt, S. 2004. Population genetics and mating patterns of the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin). Dissertation. University of South Carolina. Columbia, South Carolina. USA.

Horn, E. E. 2012.  Life History Variation in the Diamondback Terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin).  M.S. thesis, Hofstra University.

Ismail, N. S. 2010. Bioaccumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls in the Northern Diamondback Terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin terrapin). Hofstra University. Hempstead, New York USA.

King, T. M. 2007. The diet of northern diamondback terrapins (Order Testudines; Malaclemys terrapin terrapin). Thesis. C.W. Post long Island University, New York USA.

Lee,  M. A. 2003. Reproductive biology and seasonal testosterone patterns of the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin, in the estuaries of Charleston, South Carolina. Thesis. College of Charleston. Charleston, South Carolina USA.

Lester, L. A. 2007. Tracking terrapins through genetic analysis: multilocus assignment tests shed light on origin of turtles sold in markets. Thesis. Duke University. Durham, North Carolina. USA.

Levesque, E. M. 2000. Distribution and ecology of the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) in South Carolina salt marshes. Thesis. College of Charleston. Charleston, South Carolina USA.

Moss, S. A. 2015. A study of nesting diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) at three locations in coastal New Jersey. Thesis Saint Joseph's University Philadephia, Pennsylvania USA.

Muehlbauer, E. 1987. Field and laboratory studies of tidal activity in the turtle Malaclemys terrapin terrapin. Thesis New York University. New York, New York. USA

Muldoon, K. A. 2010. Post-emergence movement and overwintering strategies of diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) hatchlings.Thesis. Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York. USA.

Munscher, E.C. 2007. Physical health assessment of a population of raccoon (Procyon lotor) in northeastern Florida. University of North Florida. Jacksonville, Florida USA.

Ner, S. E. 2003. Distribution and predation of diamondback terrapin nests at six upland islands of Jamaica Bay and Sandy Hook Unit, Gateway National Recreation Area. Thesis. Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York. USA.

Outerbridge, M. E. 2014. Life history of a native emydid turtle (Malaclemys terrapin centrata) on the remote oceanic island of Bermuda. Dissertation. University College, Cork, Ireland.

Petrochic, S. L. 2009. Feeding ecology of the northern diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin terrapin. Thesis C. W. Post University of Long Island University. Brookville, New York USA.

Rife, A. 2007. Social and Basking Behaviors in Juvenile, captive-raised northern diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin terrapin). Undergraduate Thesis. Boston College, Newton, Massachusetts. USA

Robinson, G. D. 1975. Water and sodium balance in the estuarine diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys). Dissertation. Pennsylvania State University. State College, Pennsylvania. USA.

Roosenburg, W. M. 1992. Life history consequences of nest site choice by the diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin. Dissertation. University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. USA.

Scholz, A. L. 2006. Impacts of nest site choice and nest characteristics on hatching success in the diamondback terrapins of Jamica Bay, New York. Thesis. Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York. USA.

Smeenk, N. A. 2010. The population ecology of a headstart suplementted population of Diamondback Terrapin(Malaclemys terrapin) at the Poplar Island Environmental Restoration Project in the middle Chesapeake Bay. Thesis. Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA.

Spivey, P. B. 1993. Home range, habitat selection, and diet of the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) in a North Carolina Estuary. Thesis. University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Wilmington North Carolina. USA

Suarez, E. 2015. Ecology of Ornate Diamondback Terrappins(Malaclemys terrapin macrospolita) on a small Gulf Coast barrier island and their behavior inside crab traps. Thesis. University of Florida. Gainesville Florida. USA.

Szerlag, S. 2006. Road ecology of the northern diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin terrapin). Thesis Saint Joseph's University. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. USA.

Tulipani, D. 2013. Foraging ecology and habitat use of the northern diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin terrapin) in southern Chesapeake Dissertation. Bay.  College of William and Mary in Virginia. Williamsburg, Virginia. USA

Williamson, B. 2011. Examining nest site distribution and abundance in a population of Northern Diamondback Terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin terrapin). Undergraduate Thesis Roger Williams College, Newport Rhode Island USA.

Winter, J. M. 2013. The effects of bulkheading in diamondback terrapin nesting in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey. Dissertation. Drexel University. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania USA.

Wnek, J. P. 2010. Anthropogenic impacts on the reproductive ecology of the Diamondback Terrapin Malaclemys terrapin. Dissertation. Drexel University. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania USA.

Zimmerman, T. D. 1989. Latitudinal reproduction variation of the salt marsh turtle, the diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin). Thesis. The Graduate School at the College of Charleston. Charleston, South Carolina. USA.

Gray Literature

Allen, R and W. T. Neil. 1952. The diamondback terrapin. Florida Wildlife pp. 8 and 42.

Boykin, C. 2011? The Status and Demography of the Ornate Diamondback Terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin macrospilota) within the Saint Martins Marsh Aquatic Preserve. Department of Environmental Protection Florida

Brennessel, B. 2007. The northern diamondback terrapin: habitat management and conservation. Privately Published by Wheaton College and the Sounds Conservancy

Butler, J. A. 2000. Status and distribution of the Carolina diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin centrata, in Duval County. Final Report Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Project NG94-103. pp. 52.

Byrd, H., E. English, R. Greer, H. Hinkelday, W. Kicklighter, N. Meade, J. Michel, T. Tomasi, and R. Wood. 2002. Estimate of total injury to diamondback terrapins from the Chalk Point oil spill. http://www.darp.noaa.gov/northeast/chalk_point/admin.html

Byrd, H., E. English, N. Meade, and T Tomasi. 2002. Scaling the Washington Creek restoration project to the Chalk Point oil spill diamondback terrapin injury. http://www.darp.noaa.gov/northeast/chalk_point/admin.html

Chambers, R. M. 2000. Final Report: Population study of diamondback terrapins in the lower Housatanic River. pp. 14.

Crowder, L., K. Hart, and M. Hooper. 2000. Trying to solve a bycatch mortality problem: can we exclude diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) from crab pots without compromising blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) catch? Final report 00-FG-23. Fishery Resource Grant. pp.13.

Cook, B. 1980 A Natural History of the diamondback terrapin. Underwater Naturalist 18:25-30.

Davenport, J. 1992. The biology of the diamondback terrapin Malaclemys terrapin (Latreille). Testudo 3(4): pages unknown

Donnelly, M, T. Mulliken, and K. Owens. 1988. An informal survey of diamondback terrapin populations from Massachusetts to Texas. Center for Environmental Education, Washington DC. pp. 10

Fosgate, H. 2008. Diamondback terrapins in trouble. UGAresarch. Fall 2008:10-13. (Incomplete citation)

Hogan, J. L. 2003. Occurrence of the Diamondback Terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin littoralis) at South Deer Island in Galveston Bay, Texas, April 2001–May 2002. USGS Open file report 03-022 http://water.usgs.gov/pubs/of/2003/ofr03-022. pp. 30.

Garber, S. 1988. diamondback terrapin exploitation. plastron Papers 17(6):

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Martin, P. 1989. Tales of Prohibition and terrapin stew. Understory 14(4):6-7.

Mazzarella, A. D. 1994. Great bay blue claw crab study, diamondback terrapin interaction with crab pots: test of a turtle excluder device in commercial crab pots. New jersey Division of Fish, Game, and Wildlife. Port Republic ,NJ  pp.9.

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Ner, S. E. and R. L. Burke 2005. Preliminary assessment of diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin) nesting ecology at Sandy Hook, NJ, Gateway National Recreation Area: July-September 2002. Technical Report NPS/NER/NRTR-2005/014 pp. 21.

Palmer, W. M. and C. L. Cordes. 1988.  Habitat suitability index models: diamond-backed terrapin (nesting) - Atlantic Coast. USDOI - USFWS Biological Report 82(10.151). Washington D.C.

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Radzio, T. A and W. M. Roosenburg. 2003. Diamondback terrapin mortality in eel pots and evaluation of a by-catch reduction device. Final Report submitted to the Nature Conservancy, MD Sea Grant and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources.  pp. 19.

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Roosenburg, W. M., L. J. Graham, and E. Matthews. 2007. Terrapin Monitoring at Poplar Island, 2006. Final Report Submitted to the Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore Office, Baltimore, MD pp. 48.

Roosenburg, W. M., T. A. Radzio and P. E. Allman. 2004. Terrapin Monitoring at Poplar Island, 2003. Final Report Submitted to the Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore Office, Baltimore, MD pp. 24.

Roosenburg, W. M., D. Spontak. 2005. Terrapin Monitoring at Poplar Island, 2004. Final Report Submitted to the Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore Office, Baltimore, MD pp. 23.

Roosenburg, W. M. and S. Sullivan. 2006. Terrapin Monitoring at Poplar Island, 2005. Final Report Submitted to the Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore Office, Baltimore, MD pp. 65.

Roosenburg, W. M., R. Trimbath. 2010. Terrapin Monitoring at Poplar Island, 2004. Final Report Submitted to the Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore Office, Baltimore, MD pp. 136.

Szerlag, S. and S. P. McRobert. 2005. Road ecology of the northern diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin terrapin. ICOET Proceeding 2005:634-646.

Tucker, T. 1993. Diamondbacks aren't forever: natural history of the diamondback terrapin. South Carolina Wildlife 40(6): 6-10.

Velema, G. J. and H. Speir. 2007. The 2006 Diamondback Terrapin fishery in Maryland's Chesapeake Bay. Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Annapolis MD USA pp.11

Watters, C. F. 2004. A Review of the range-wide regulations pertaining to diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin). Wetlands Institute, Stone Harbor, NJ.  pp. 12.

Werner, R. E., D. J. Ehret, and L. M. Jensen. (UNK). Health assessment of captive raised and wild diamondback terrapins( Malaclemys terrapin terrapin): a preliminary study. pp 18.

Wood, R. C. 1981. The mysterious mangrove terrapin. The Florida Naturalist. July-Setpember:6-7.

Wood, R. C. and L. S. Hales. 2001. Comparison of northern diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin terrapin) hatching success among variably oiled nesting sites along the Patuxent River following the Chalk Point Oil Spill of April 7, 2000. http://www.darp.noaa.gov/northeast/chalk_point/admin.html.

Education Materials

Heinrich, G. L. and T. J. Walsh. 2010. Diamondback Terrapins: Living on the Edge (board game associated with Diamondback Terrapins of Tampa Bay: an Educator’s Guide).  Florida Turtle Conservation Trust.   

Heinrich, G. L., T. J. Walsh, and J. A. Butler. 2010 . Diamondback Terrapins of Tampa Bay: an Educator’s Guide.  Florida Turtle Conservation Trust.  29 pp.
 

Brochures, Pamphlets and other Curios on Terrapins

The diamondback terrapin: Gateway's salt marsh turtle. Brochure about diamondback terrapins at the Jamaica Bay National Wildlife Refuge by R. Burke.

Conant, T. and J. T Newman. 1993. Wildlife profiles: Diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin. North Carolina Wild. Division of Conservation Education, N. C Wildlife Resource Commission. Raleigh, N. C.

Garber, S. 1988. Babette puts tasty turtles in hot water. City Sierran pg 6

Hatches Terrapin in Broadway Hotel. 1912. New York Times. October 15 1912.